Promoting safe dating
NHTSA (2008a) has suggested that it is a key component of the graduated licensing system. Retrieved from Child/Road_Traffic_Injuries/ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vital Signs: Nonfatal, Motor Vehicle--Occupant Injuries (2009) and Seat Belt Use (2008) Among Adults --- United States. focuses on 11– to 14–year–olds in high-risk, urban communities.States with strong primary enforcement seat belt laws that allow police officers to stop drivers solely for seat belt-related violations have higher seat belt use rates (88 percent) than states with secondary enforcement seat belt laws that only allow police officers to provide seat belt citations if they stop the driver for a different offense (79 percent) (CDC, 2011). Graduated driver licensing: Review of evaluation results since 2002. This CDC initiative was developed to raise parents' awareness about the leading causes of child injury in the United States and how they can be prevented. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration website provides information, talking points, media tools, collateral materials, and various other marketing materials regarding a comprehensive approach to teen driver safety.Parents can also help to encourage seat belt use by including it as a condition in the parent-teen driving agreements discussed above (NHTSA, 2010). This CDC website provides fact sheets, research and activities, and blogs related to teen driver safety. Encouraging youth to view wearing a seat belt as a social norm and establishing strict enforcement guidelines help to promote seat belt use (NHTSA, 2010). (PDF, 39 pages) This Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website provides links to state-specific GDL information.The type of seat belt law in a state is associated with the seat belt use rate for teen and adult drivers alike. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)’s Parents Are the Key campaign provides resources and information for parents about teen driving and what they can do to help their teen become a safe driver.
The decreases in crashes, injuries, and deaths in these countries are due in part to stronger road traffic policies and a commitment to effective strategies to reduce crashes.For example, Mc Cartt, Teoh, Fields, Braitman and Hellinga (2010) found that, compared to states with GDL laws rated poor by IIHS, states with ratings of good resulted in 44 percent lower crash rates for 15-year-olds, 41 percent lower crash rates for 16-year-olds, and 19 percent lower crash rates for 17-year-olds. Retrieved from Injury Control/Articles/Associated Files/811005(PDF, 16 pages) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Specifically they found the following led to significantly lower fatal crash rates: According to the Novice Teen Driver Education and Training Administrative Standards “The goal of driver education and training is to transfer knowledge, develop skills, and enhance the disposition of the teen, so he/she can perform as a safe and competent driver, thereby contributing to the reduction of crashes, fatalities and injuries” (NHTSA, n.d., p.3). In the United States, parents are primarily responsible for teaching young people to drive.Research has shown inconclusive results connecting the amount of time a teen spends practicing driving under supervised conditions and their later crash rate.
Because of the complexity of these factors, they suggest that interventions to address and prevent teen driving accidents must be multi-tiered and comprehensive.