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Coptic, Maronite and Assyrian Christian enclaves exist in the Nile Valley, Levant and northern Iraq respectively.
There are also numbers of Assyrian, Armenian, Syriac-Aramean and Arab Christians throughout Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan, many of which have diminished due to various regional conflicts.
Smaller ethno-religious minorities across the Arab League include the Yezidis, Yarsan and Shabaks (mainly in Iraq), the Druzes (mainly in Syria and also in Lebanon, Jordan) and Mandaeans (in Iraq).
Formerly, there were significant minorities of Jews throughout the Arab World.
As members of the Arab League, however, they are considered part of the Arab world under the standard territorial definition.
Somalia has two official languages today, Arabic and Somali, both of which belong to the larger Afro-Asiatic language family.
The majority of people in the Arab world adhere to Islam, and the religion has official status in most countries.
The Arab League is a regional organisation that aims (among other things) to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries and sets out the following definition of an Arab: to the states and territories of the Arab League (which constitute the Arab world under the standard definition) and to other states and territories.
Typical parameters that may be applied include: whether Arabic is widely spoken; whether Arabic is an official or national language; or whether an Arabic cognate language is widely spoken.
Greece and Cyprus also recognize Cypriot Maronite Arabic under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
Additionally, Malta, though not part of the Arab world, has as its official language Maltese.
Arab nationalism arose in the second half of the 19th century along with other nationalist movements within the Ottoman Empire.